Press Releases

Press Releases

Risk perception drives clinician decisions to prescribe antibiotics

June 21, 2017

Researchers at CDDEP, Cornell University, and The George Washington University reveal psychology behind why clinicians prescribe antibiotics that may not be needed

Washington, DC – Antibiotic resistance is a serious public health problem, driven by overprescription of antibiotics by clinicians.  New research shows that doctors who perceive the risks of antibiotics as negligible are more likely to prescribe them than those who consider the potential side-effects a concern and are more mindful of an effect on antibiotic resistance.

WHO updates Model Lists of Essential Medicines

June 6, 2017

CDDEP Expert Participates in Review Panel for Antibacterials

The World Health Organization (WHO) has released the 20th WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (EML) and the 6th WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children (EMLc).  The EML and EMLc are updated every two years and used by many countries to guide decisions about their national essential medicines lists, which help to ensure access to treatment of widespread or high-priority diseases, including priority infection syndromes.

Similar rates of antimicrobial resistance in tertiary care hospitals and community hospitals

May 11, 2017

Increasing antimicrobial resistance trends in both settings indicates continued need to improve infection control and antimicrobial stewardship

Researchers from the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy find that rates of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are similar between large tertiary care hospitals and small community hospitals, in a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases.  

South Asia unprepared to address emerging infectious diseases

April 12, 2017

Experts indicate South Asia is unprepared to address emerging, epidemic and spreading endemic pathogens, risking millions of lives and substantial economic potential

NEW DELHI – South Asia stands vulnerable to emerging infectious diseases, according to an analysis from CDDEP Director Ramanan Laxminarayan and colleagues. The analysis is published in The BMJ as part of a collection of twelve analyses on health in South Asia.

New approach estimates tuberculosis burden in India, models transmission dynamics of urban and rural regions

March 22, 2017

Improved estimates of tuberculosis incidence are urgently needed to support effective control programs

NEW DELHI –India bears the highest burden of tuberculosis (TB) globally, about 25 percent of all cases. The extent of TB in high-burden and low-resource regions is difficult to measure directly, but knowing the number of cases is necessary to plan, staff and finance control programs.

Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus vaccine participation among Indian children, study identifies major influences

January 17, 2017

Parents’ education and healthcare access affect diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DPT) vaccine uptake among children in India

Complete vaccination with the three-dose series of the diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DPT) vaccine is a widely used indicator of national routine immunization performance. In 2014, Indian children accounted for 22 percent of the 18.7 million children worldwide who had not completed three doses by age one.

First large-scale study to examine factors associated with recurrent emergency department visits for skin and soft tissue infections

December 20, 2016

More than 16 percent of all emergency department visits for skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) were for a recurrent infection

A study from CDDEP researchers and collaborators finds an association between recurrent emergency department (ED) visits for skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI), sociodemographic factors and comorbidities, using California emergency department discharge data from 2005 to 2011.

Antimicrobial-resistant healthcare-associated infection increased dramatically among U.S. children

November 17, 2016

In just over a decade, multidrug-resistant cases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa have increased from 15 percent to 26 percent of all P. aeruginosa cases

In a study published today in The Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, CDDEP researchers and collaborators have found that infections due to multidrug-resistant and carbapenem-resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa increased dramatically between 1999 and 2012.

Resource-poor countries experience higher levels of antimicrobial resistance

October 12, 2016

Study reveals strong association between country income status and antimicrobial resistance prevalence

The first study to examine the association between national income and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) prevalence, conducted by CDDEP researchers and collaborators, found that AMR prevalence increases as national income decreases.  AMR levels are highest in the poorest countries, underscoring the urgent necessity of new policies to address AMR in resource-poor settings.

Experts call for global antimicrobial conservation fund to stem overuse of antibiotics

September 28, 2016

The fund would support antimicrobial stewardship efforts in low- and middle- income countries

CDDEP Director Ramanan Laxminarayan and other experts in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) make the case for a Global Antimicrobial Conservation Fund, in an International Journal of Infectious Diseases editorial. The fund would support antimicrobial stewardship programs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), which include the BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), currently driving consumption in both animal and human sectors.

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